We’re now heading into April which can only mean one thing – it’s the birthstone of the Diamond, the king of birthstones some say! As one of the most celebrated gemstones, the Diamond is undeniably beautiful and it’s easy to understand why it’s incredibly popular.
The Diamond is one of the hardest substances on the planet and can be traced back billions of years, this stunning gem is full of wonder and history and those born in April should be proud of their April birthstone as we dive into the history of the Diamond and all its glory.
Where did diamonds come from?
Have you ever wondered how birthstones came to be? It isn’t clear how various stones became connected with specific months, however it’s speculated that the ancestry of birthstones dated back to biblical times when a priests breastplate would have been decorated with 12 coloured gems. As time passed these 12 gems were then later associated with the Zodiacs signs and the months connected with them.
The tradition of wearing a coloured stone for each month became a good luck charm to many and they believed various gems held magical powers for the individual that was born in the given month, the relevant birthstone would then worn all year round. The official birthstone list was created back in 1912.
a brief history of the diamond
A brilliant piece of the diamonds history is that its name was adopted from the Greek word adamas which translates to ‘Invincible’. You may recognize diamonds from their clear and mirror like appearance but diamonds also come in a large range of colours such as pink, red, purple, blue, green, orange, yellow and black. These different colours are created by the types of impurities that are present within the stone. For example, if you come across a yellow diamond it will have microscopic traces of nitrogen within it.
There are small pieces of evidence of when the diamond was used throughout history, research which dates back to 1330 shows diamond cutting was present in Venice and that the diamond trading business blossomed towards the 15th century with the opening of the Eastern trade routes.
Beliefs associated with Diamonds
There are many beliefs that make the Diamond a wonderful thing as throughout its time in history, people have given it such significance with magic, luck and love. Some thought that lightning bolts created diamonds, others thought they were the tears of god and others believe they were fallen stars. It’s told that the Romans believed diamonds had brilliant powers that could ward off evil and so they were worn as talismans to always be protected.
Not only did those throughout history believe the diamond held incredible powers, but that it also contained healing powers and that by heating the crystal and taking it to bed, it was believed the diamond would draw out harmful toxins that were weakening the body. Other beliefs included affecting an individual’s balance and clarity and that the diamond could boost energy when combined with other gemstones.
Aside from ancient beliefs, what we do know about the Diamond is that is one of the hardest gemstones with a 10 on the Mohs scale. The incredible thing about diamonds is that they’re made of a single element – carbon.
Although they appear to be indestructible they still require attention and care to maintain their brilliant sparkle and shine, a professional jeweller can undertake a full cleaning service to ensure it is cleaned properly. Believe it or not but diamonds are actually not perfect although to the naked eye it may look flawless, chances are it will still have some slight inclusions.
diamond birtstone facts
- A diamond can only be cut by a diamond: To polish a diamond, it’s done by a wheel coated with diamond dust
- They’re hardness reputation stands true as they’re extremely fireproof and to burn one, it would have to be heated to 700°c
- The largest rough diamond to be discovered was in 1905, known as the Cullinan Diamond, it weighed in at 3,106 carats (2.8lbs)!
- Diamonds were originally discovered and minded in India, however you can also find them in Brazil, China, Canada, Australia, South Africa and many other countries.