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June Birthstones: Pearl, Moonstone & Alexandrite

9ct White Gold Pearl Solitaire Diamond Ring

If you’re born in June, you have 3 birthstones to choose from! Traditionally the birthstone represents the Pearl and Alexandrite but also Moonstone. Pearls are classic and timeless, Moonstones are magical and mysterious and Alexandrite is a rare stone full of wonder and beauty.

The Pearl

Pearls are incredibly unique and beautiful; it’s the only gemstone that is created organically. Created inside a shell, which is related to the Oyster and Clam family, the Pearl can also be found in Mollusks that make their home in the sea or freshwater environments such as rivers.

How are Pearls made?

It’s incredibly fascinating how Pearls are created; many believe that either a small fragment of rock or grain of sand causes the Oyster to create the Pearl, however this is said to be false and that Oysters are capable of expelling grains of sand or rock. So the truth appears to be that Pearls are actually formed around a parasite! By disturbing the oyster it begins to coat this parasite with layers and layers of shell material.

The shape of a Pearl can be altered depending on where it’s formed. If formed inside of the shell it will usually have an irregular shape where as if created within the tissue of the Mollusk, will be a spherical or pear shape which will have a higher value. The name Pearl was passed down from the Latin word ‘pirum’ which means ‘pear’ or ‘pear-shaped’.

It’s also worth knowing that many Pearls today are raised in Oyster farms and are made mainly of ‘aragonite’ a soft carbonate material which also makes up the shell of the Mollusk.

Where can I find a Pearl?

Pearls are located all over the world and some locations hold very special pearls. If you thought Pearls only came in one colour, think again! In the Gulf of Mexico and near some islands in the Pacific Ocean you may come across black pearls. Sri Lanka and the Persian Gulf are known for their incredibly beautiful cream Pearls which are called Orientals. You can also find Pearls in shades of blue, yellow, green, lavender and mauve.

june birtstone Mythology

South Asian mythology believed that Pearls were dewdrops from heaven which fell into the sea and were caught by shellfish. Warriors in India would encrust their swords with Pearls which symbolised the sorrow and tears in which a sword could bring.

In the 17th century, the Pearl was believed to be a cure for various diseases, including insanity. You may have found Pearls being used as medicine in China from as early as 2000 BC as they represented wealth and power, even in the present day low graded Pearls are grounded down and used as medicine in Asia.

What Can We Use Pearls For?

Pearls are commonly used for Jewellery pieces and can also be adapted to be incorporated in furniture and other fine decorative items. Although some may perceive Pearls as an item worn by those slightly older this wonderful item suits all ages and can be worn every day or as part of some formal attire, they’re very versatile and add a wonderful classic look to any outfit.

9Carat Yellow Gold Alexandrite And Diamond Cluster Ring

The Alexandrite Gemstone

Alexandrite is an uncommon stone and therefore very valuable! This precious stone has a chameleon-like personality as in different lights it can change in colour and shade. You may see it blend from a beautiful green to a bluish brown in natural light yet under artificial light it can make the stone to appear reddish-violet.

How is Alexandrite Made?

Alexandrite is a member of the Chrysoberyl family; it’s a hard mineral which is only just surpassed by the hardness of Diamonds. You can find Chrysoberyl in granite rocks; this is then mined and found in gavels and river sands. What’s interesting about Alexandrite is the substances that this gemstone is made from is similar to the materials that Copper has. Due to these similar substances, it creates the different hues when Alexandrite is under different lights.

When Was Alexandrite Found?

This wonderful stone was first discovered and founded in the Ural Mountains of Russia and is said to have been found on the birthday of Alexander the II, the Czar of Russia. Due to the stone having similar colour reflections to that of the Russian imperial colours it was therefore named Alexandrite. Even though Alexandrite is extremely rare throughout the last 170 years has been found in India, Sri Lanka, Zimbabwe and Brazil.

What Can We Use Alexandrite For?

Alexandrite is mainly used for Jewellery and decoration however due to its rarity it’s too precious to be used for industrial reasons. This gemstone makes a beautiful jewellery piece mainly due to its changing of colours which is a brilliant show stopper and would easily catch anyone’s eye.

9ct Yellow Gold Moonstone Pendant

The Moonstone Gemstone

Last but not least we have the magical Moonstone, which gets its name from the bluish white spots you may see within a Moonstone, when held up to the light has a very similar appearance to moonlight. Moving the moonstone around in the light you’ll be able to see lots of silver rays and colours.

Where Does Moonstone Come From?

Moonstone comes from a family of minerals called ‘Feldspars’; this particular mineral actually makes up half of the worlds’ crust! Rare conditions produce varieties of feldspar such as Moonstone, Sunstone and Amazonite. Due to the stones crystal structure it shimmers in the light, this shimmering effect is known as adularescence.

Where is Moonstone Found?

You’ll find Moonstone in locations such as Madagascar, India, Brazil, Germany, Australia, the United States and many more places, however the rarest forms of Moonstone are found in Sri Lanka. Moonstones have a similar translucent appearance to that of Pearls and Opals, but they also come in a range of colours such as Pink, Yellow, Blue and Green. There is also a Rainbow Moonstone which has an iridescent sheen, like that of a bubble where the many colours appear through movement and light.

Moonstone Mythology

There are many wonderful myths and lore that make the Moonstone gem a magical one. Many cultures would honour the Moonstone in favour of gods and goddesses and believed it possessed good spirits and would enable dreams that could see future events.

The Moonstone was still used for Jewellery and would be placed in Talismans to bring good health and fortune. It was also used for love and was believed if two people saw each other during a full moon whilst wearing a Moonstone they would fall hopelessly in love with each other, Moonstones were even used as engagement rings during the Victorian times.

What can we use Moonstone for?

Moonstone is mainly used for jewellery, you may even give Moonstone as a gift on a 13th wedding anniversary. Rated 6-6.5 on the Mohs scale, the Moonstone is relatively a soft stone and requires lots of care to ensure it lasts a lifetime. This magical gem was a very popular choice in the Art Nouveau period and was worn my men and women. Men would wear Moonstones in cufflinks, rings and ornaments on watch chains, Women would wear Moonstones in a similar fashion to modern jewellery, in bracelets, brooches, necklaces, rings and earrings.